An Insiders Guide to Diamond Grading
Is diamond grading art or science?
How are diamonds graded? Why does it matter? How impartial is the process? What if a diamond is graded incorrectly? Are lab diamonds graded the same way as natural diamonds? How many diamond grading factors does a gemologist take into account?
Let’s start at the beginning. AS you know, diamonds are graded after they’re cut. Grading laboratories like the GIA and IGI screen for the type of diamond (lab created vs. natural) and evaluate the diamonds quality characteristics.
Diamond’s are graded blind, meaning without names, logos or brand references which could result in favoritism. Two to three diamond graders review each stone. Once two or more graders agree, a report is generated. Each diamond grading lab has their own version of this report.
THE DIAMOND GRADING PROCESS
Step 1: Carat
After a diamond arrives at a lab it is weighed using an electronic micro-balance. Next, it is 3D scanned to determine it’s measurements, proportions, and angles.
Step 2: Authenticity
Next, the diamond is analyzed for authenticity, to determine if the diamond is a mined, lab-grown or color-treated. As lab-grown diamonds have risen in popularity, this process has become essential.
Step 3: Clarity
The diamond’s clarity is graded by eye, and under 10x magnification by multiple graders. They evaluate the diamonds polish, symmetry and clarity, and in some cases create an entire plot map of inclusion types and locations. They look for evidence of artificial treatments which impact the value of the diamond.
Step 4: Color
Again, multiple diamond graders evaluate the color of the diamond against a set of master stones ranging from D (colorless) to Z (yellow). Diamond graders go stone by stone until they find a color match. The grader also reviews the diamond under UV light to asses fluorescence. This is the blue glow certain diamonds emit under UV light.
Step 5: Cut
Next, a cut grade is assigned. This grade takes into account the diamonds proportions, brightness, fire, scintillation, polish, symmetry and more. Cut is the most important of the four C’s. A poorly cut diamond won’t sparkle and often appears smaller than it should for its carat weight.
While the standards from diamond grading are rigorous and mature, in many ways, it’s as much art as science. If you’ve ever squinted, looking at a G color round brilliant next to an H color round brilliant and wondered if they are the same color, you’re not alone. While diamond graders are highly skilled and go through rigorous training, grades can vary from person to person and lab to lab and inform the price you pay, the cost of your insurance, and ultimately the diamonds resale value.
WHO ARE THE LEADING DIAMOND GRADING LABS?
If you’ve tried to buy a diamond you’ve most likely come across an article that starts: the only reputable diamond lab is the GIA. As a rule of thumb for mined diamonds, this rule holds up. There’s more then enough GIA certified mined diamonds on the market, so unless you have something particular in mind, there’s not a good reason to look elsewhere.
Beyond that, there’s a long list of reasons to trust the GIA. Established in 1921, the GIA is the leading gemological institute in the world. The GIA is known for having the strictest grading policies amongst all the labs. They created the Diamond 4Cs and the International Diamond Grading System™. These are the global standards that are used to determine a diamond’s quality and authenticity. The two factors that ultimately determine a diamonds price, and value. They are more than fourteen locations and have trained 365,000 since their founding. To say they know diamonds and gemstones would be an understatement. For these reasons and more, Frank Darling exclusively sells mined diamonds graded by the GIA.
DOES LAB GROWN DIAMOND GRADING DIFFER FROM MINED DIAMOND GRADING?
It doesn’t. Unfortunately, while other diamond grading labs have embraced lab-created diamonds, the GIA has not. As the popularity of lab diamonds have grown, the GIA’s position has remained relatively unchanged.
The GIA grades lab created diamonds with much more leniency then mined diamonds. The GIA does not give specific color or clarity grades to lab created diamonds, instead using a grade range to articulate the diamonds make. Instead of assigning a D color grade, they assign a D-F grade defined as “colorless.” This lack of specificity affects the price and value of GIA graded lab-diamonds.
Under mounting pressure and a recent change in legislation from the FTC, the GIA announced this month that they would no longer refer to lab-grown diamonds as “synthetic” on their reports but as “Laboratory-Grown Diamonds.”
While the intent is to avoid consumer confusion, the reality is that consumers purchase lab-grown diamonds similarly to mined diamonds, with a distinct preferences for cut, color, and clarity, and the report is misleading and insufficient particularly when a “D” color grade diamond can sell for hundreds if not thousands more then it’s “E” counterpart.
SO WHO GRADES LAB CREATED DIAMONDS?
IGI and GCAL and have stepped up and stepped in to fill the gap. Both labs provide full grading reports for lab-grown diamonds. All Frank Darling lab diamonds come with an IGI or GCAL certificate of authenticity based on an internationally recognized trading system. Diamonds analyze each diamond by eye, and with state-of-the-art equipment to guarantee authenticity.
In addition to the standard grading report, GCAL analyzes each diamond using its proprietary Direct Assessment Light Performance analysis. This method analyzes each diamonds light performance and generates a much more in-depth report. GCAL goes as far as to offer a cash back guarantee which protects the consumer in the event of an error.
ARE ALL LAB DIAMONDS GRADED?
One only has to do a quick search on Alibaba to find a long list of non-graded lab diamonds or lab diamonds with misleading language or even worse, falsified grade reports. Synthetic diamonds being mislabeled and sold as “lab diamonds” or even “natural diamonds” is a growing and worrisome trend in the industry. Purchasing a non-graded lab diamond is risky. It’s most likely CZ or moissanite masquerading as a lab-grown diamond. If the price looks too good to be true, it probably is.
One of the unique services Frank Darling offers is the ability to have a custom cut diamond. We can cut virtually any diamond shape and size from the quality and clarity rough of your choosing. After we cut the diamond, we send it to GCAL or IGI for certification. Get a truly unique and one of a kind diamond. This could be an odd-size Asscher, a rose cut or a Marquise, many of which are difficult to source and find.